DOCUMENTS

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Rose, T.; Kremen, C.; Thrupp, A.; Gemmill-Herren, B.; Graub, B. & Azzu, N. Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Mainstreaming of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services With a Focus on Pollination Addresses the need to strengthen the interface between the scientific community, knowledge-holders and policymakers, and build capacity for and strengthen the use of science and knowledge in policymaking on ecosystem services, with a focus on pollination.
Roubik, D.W. (ed.) Pollinator Safety in Agriculture Contributing to knowledge management of pollination services in sustainable agriculture, FAO and its partners have assembled evidence related to wild pollinators, to advance understanding of pollinator's risks to pesticides, through their natural history.
van der Valk, H., Koomen, I., et al. Aspects Determining the Risk of Pesticides to Wild Bees This publication is a tool to better understand the pesticide exposure of key crop pollinators (honey bees, but also wild bees) through the development of risk profiles for cropping systems in three countries.
Grieg-Gran, M. & Gemmill-Herren, B. Handbook for Participatory Socioeconomic Evaluation of Pollinator-friendly Practices FAO and IIED have developed this 5-step guide to help farmers evaluate the benefits, and costs of applying pollinator-friendly practices.
Kjøhl, M., Nielsen, A. & Stenseth, N.C. Potential Effects of Climate Change on Crop Pollination Recognizing that the interactions between climate, crops and biodiversity are complex and not always well understood, FAO has coordinated this review of the potential effects of climate change on crop pollination.
Vaissière, B., Freitas, B. & Gemmill-Herren, B. Protocol to Detect and Assess Pollination Deficits in Crops: A Handbook for its Use As a contribution to the International Pollinators Initiative, FAO and its partners have developed a protocol for assessing and detecting pollination deficits in crops.
FAO Rapid Assessment of Pollinators' Status This first assessment of the status of pollinators under the International Pollinators Initiative addresses progress in different approaches to conserving and sustainably using pollination services.
FAO Initial Survey of Good Pollination Practices Profiles of pollinator-dependent cropping systems from around the world.
Gallai, N. & Vaissière, B.E. Guidelines for the Economic Valuation of Pollination Services at a National Scale FAO and INRA have developed a tool for assessing the value of pollination services and national vulnerabilities to pollinator declines. These guidelines explain the use of the tool.
FAO Tool for Valuation of Pollination Services at a National Level Spreadsheet for assessing the value of pollination services and national vulnerabilities to pollinator declines.